lunes, 7 de octubre de 2013
Federal and state police in Mexico shot dead four "presumed criminals of the Zetas" cartel in operations in Villahermosa and Cárdenas in the east-coast state of Tabasco, also arresting 10 suspects and freeing three individuals thought to have been kidnapped, the review Proceso reported on 6 October. The operation "began" on 5 October with the arrests of two individuals for speeding in the city of Villahermosa, the review cited the state's Public Security Secretary Audomaro Martínez Zapata as saying. Their car was found to have assault weapons, which led to interrogations and to police moving against two hideouts outside those districts where shooting broke out. Police separately reported that five men including two thought to be members of a local civilian militia were found dead, presumably executed, in the western state of Michoacán on 4-5 October, Proceso reported. Several self-defence groups have emerged in Michoacán and elsewhere since 2012 to protect residents from violence and extortions by cartels or local gangs. Three of the victims here, thought to belong to the self-defence group of the district of Reyes, were found in the district of Peribán; they were found blindfolded and their bodies displayed "torture signs," the review stated. The bodies of two unidentified men were found in Yurécaro near the frontier of the states of Jalisco and Michoacán, also blindfolded and apparently "tortured" previously. The review counted no less than six people shot dead on 3 October, in gang shootouts or between criminals and the army around the country.
El Salvador's 19 prisons, designed to contain 8,490 inmates, were currently holding 26,687 prisoners of whom a third were members of the violent Mara gangs being kept in special facilities, the Salvadorean daily El Mundo reported on 7 October, citing a government report. Figures cited by the daily showed that the prison population was just under 7,000 in 1998-99 and began to rise sharply from 2000. The report described members of the Mara gangs, thought responsible for a great many murders and most extortions, as "the main destabilisers" of the prisons system. They were kept apart from common prisoners for their level of violence, a move that effectively confined that violence to the gang prisons where brawls and murderous incidents were intermittently reported. Typical causes were cited as gang rivalries or "internal cleansing" in gangs ordered by their chiefs outside. El Mundo observed that five killing incidents were so far reported in the gang prisons in 2013, with six members of the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) being murdered in the most recent incident in the prison in Tonacatepeque, north of the capital. The report stated that just under 76 per cent of all inmates were convicts and about 24.3 per cent being prosecuted. In September 2013, the largest group of inmates in terms of crime category was of those imprisoned for homicide (9,368 inmates), followed by extortion (4,527); over 70 per cent of prisoners were in the 18-35 age group, El Mundo reported.