miércoles, 11 de julio de 2012
The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which emerged as winner in Mexico's 1 July general elections, failed to win an absolute majority in the 500-member Chamber of Deputies or lower legislative chamber, election authorities revealed on 10 July. This might change later, depending on the decision of the TEPJF, the highest electoral arbitrating body. The PRI had 207 seats - won directly or allocated through a system of proportional representation used for 200 seats in this chamber - and its allies the Green Party and New Alliance (Nueva Alianza) 33 and 10 respectively.This gave them 250 seats, one short of an outright majority. The conservative National Action Party won 176 seats and a coalition of leftist parties 136, of which 101 belonged to the Democratic Revolutionary Party. All parties had a mix of seats won directly and allocated through the proportional system. The PRI and its allies did win a majority of seats in the Senate, Europa Press reported on 11 July.
Two presumed commanders of the leftist National Liberation Army (ELN) were shot dead in a gunfight with troops in the Chocó department, on Colombia's Pacific coast, the navy stated on 11 July. The two, named by their combat names Esteban and Horacio, were killed in Caracolí, a locality in the district of Pizarro. Troops also confiscated arms and ammunition, the daily ABC and EFE reported.
Hundreds of natives exasperated by guerrilla attacks around their homes in south-western Colombia left the half-battered town of Toribío on 9 July for the nearby jungle, where they dismantled makeshift camps of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), El Colombiano reported on 11 July. The FARC subjected Toribío in the Cauca department to gunfire on 6-8 July, forcing between 600 and 3,000 residents to flee. About 1,000 members of the Indigenous Guard sought out the guerrillas on 9 July, according to El Pais, though these had apparently left in anticipation; natives were reported to have angrily shouted at a few guerrillas they did find on local roads. President Juan Manuel Santos held a cabinet meeting in Toribío on 11 July and was previously given a list of natives' demands including the removal of troops and repair of damages. Some 300 residents reportedly also destroyed police trenches dug inside Toribío. A spokesman for the Association of Indigenous Councils of Northern Cauca (Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Norte del Cauca) Feliciano Valencia was cited as saying that natives seek a demilitarized zone here "as neither police nor the FARC can keep the peace." The Toribío municipal government's internal affairs secretary José Miller Correa told El Colombiano that in the past 20 years, Toribío had been "taken" 14 times by the FARC, been "totally" destroyed five times and suffered over 600 sieges or "harrassment" with gunfire. The town has over 30,000 inhabitants, most of whom are of the Nasa people.