sábado, 8 de febrero de 2014
NGO lists Mexico's most violent districts
The Mexican NGO Citizens Council for Public Security and Penal Justice, which monitors crime in the country, listed on 4 February the most crime-ridden of Mexico's larger districts in 2013, putting Oaxaca in south-central Mexico as the district with the highest rates of violence, considering a range of crimes including murders, extortion, kidnapping, etc... The list compiled from districts with more than 100,000 inhabitants, was expressed as an index. Oaxaca had a "violence index" of 106.63, followed by the west-coast resort of Acapulco with 80.35, and Cuernavaca in Morelos with 65.3. In the case of Oaxaca, the NGO attributed the singular levels of violence to "the climate of disorder and aggression" created by the local branch of the national teachers' union, the SNTE, which it said "seems more like a criminal than a trade union group," but also the impunity that is endemic throughout the country. It stated that the 20 districts with the highest levels of violence also had very low rates of criminal prosecution and punishment. It cited examples: while on average 15.9 per cent of murderers were caught and punished in Mexico, in these district the average rate was 7.27 per cent. Or while on average 6.26 per cent of criminal injuries were duly punished nationwide, in these districts the punishment rate was 2.31 per cent. The Council separately found the district with most reported murders in 2013 to be Acapulco, with a rate of 112.81 murders per 100,000 inhabitants; that also made Acapulco the city with the world's third highest murder rate. It was followed by El Fuerte in Sinaloa with a murder rate of 77.61/100,000, and San Pedro in Coahuila with 77.48. Victoria in Tamaulipas had the highest kidnapping rate in the country, 23.28/100,000, 15 times the national average. The Council also found Cuernavaca, Oaxaca and the Delegación Cuauhtémoc sector of the capital, to be the districts with the most violent thefts. Most offices, embassies, restaurants and tourism activity are in Cuauhtemoc. The Council explained its methodology and gave details of its findings in an extended reported posted on its website.